سالنامه انجمن علوم باغبانی سلطنتی انگلستان بخش لیلیوم


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چاپ و انتشار سالنامه انجمن علوم باغبانی سلطنتی انگلستان بخش لیلیوم

برای دومین بار و بعد از سال ها سوسن چلچراغ دوباره به سالنامه انجمن علوم باغبانی انگلستان بخش لیلیوم برگشت .امیدواریم از این پس مطالب بیشتری از این گونه زیبا در منابع بین المللی چاپ و منتشر شود .نصخه چاپی برای اعضا ارسال شده است و نصخه الکترونیک برای عموم منتشر می شود .مقاله سوسن چلچراغ با کمک مدیریت باغبانی جهاد کشاورزی استان اردبیل تهیه شده و توسط مدیریت وب سایت در این سالنامه چاپ و منتشر شده است .

http://www.ishs.ir/?attachment_id=361

انشالله مطالب سال اینده  در این سالنامه با افزایش تجربیات این جانب مطالب مفید تری برای پرورش این گونه زیبا دارا باشد تا بتوانیم این گونه زیبا را به صورت تجاری به باغ های دنیا معرفی کنیم .

هم اکنون مرحله تحقیقاتی محیط کشت برای کشت بافت انجام شده و با بهینه سازی محیط کشت قبلی  کشت بافت سوسن چلچراغ اسان تر و بهتر انجام می شود .

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سالنامه انجمن علوم باغبانی سلطنتی انگلستان بخش لیلیوم, ۷٫۰ out of 10 based on 3 ratings

۲ جواب برای “سالنامه انجمن علوم باغبانی سلطنتی انگلستان بخش لیلیوم”


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    سلام
    این تنها گونه ایرانیه سوسنه نه؟
    شرایط پرورشش چطوره؟
    کاشت و داشتش به چه شکله؟
    چطور تهیه کنمشون؟

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    سلام
    سوسن چلچراغ گونه بومی ایران و جمهوری ازربایجان است ولی لیلیوم کاندیدیوم یا گل مریم (در مناطق شمال غرب ایران) هم یک گونه سوسن است که برای مدت های بسیار زیاد در باغچه ها پرورش داده میشه ، محیط زیست لیلیوم کاندیدیوم در منابع افغانستان ، ترکیه ، یونان و اسرائیل ذکر شده و از ظر بنده اصولا این گیاه می تونه بومی ایران هم باشه چون ایران در بین این کشورها قرار داره و چطور بومی این ۴ کشور است ولی بومی ایران نیست ؟ البته این گونه یکی از گیاهانی است که بعلت زیبایی از گذشته های دور از طریق انسانها به مناطق مختلف برده شده و پرورش یافته برای همین سخت میشه در مورد منطقه اصلی زیست این گیاه چیزی گفت .خیلی از ایرانی ها لیلیوم کاندیدیوم رو نمی شناسند حتی توی دانشگاه ها چون اینگونه یک گونه قدیمی در منطقه ازربایجان ایران است و کسی اصلا اهمیتی به شناساییش نداده .در مورد شرایط پرورشش این گونه یکی از حساسترین هاست و به محیط زیست خودش خیلی وابسته است رطوبت هوا باید بالا باشه ، خاک بستر در محیط زیستش رس است که با مقدار زیادی خاک برگ پوشیده شده یعنی گیاه بذری بعد از جوانه زنی و شروع رشد در خاک برگ کم کم خودش رو پایین می کشه تا به بستر رسی برسه و وقتی به بستر رسی می رسه در همون جا می مونه ، خاک برگ هم باعث تامین مواد غذایی این گیاه میشه و هم باعث خنک نگهداشتن پیاز و بستر اطراف پیاز .گیاهانی که من دارم هم بخاطر نداشتن بستر مناسب (خاک برگ سطحی) و احتمالا ضعیف بودن خاک رس بستر رشد خوبی ندارند .نور زیاد ولی فیلتر شده مثلا توسط یک درختی که برگهاش اجازه ورود نور کافی رو به گیاه می دن ولی شدت نور رو کاهش می دن .بنده دارم توی یه برنامه بلند مدت روی اصلاحش کار می کنم تا بشه راحت تر اهلیش کرد .به بیماری های قارچی موجود در برگ حساسه که باعث ریختن برگهاش و خشک شدن ساقه میشه البته در صورت قدی بودن پیاز سال بعد دوباره ساقه تولید میشه البته ساقه کوچکتر میشه .از ۴ عد د پیاز من امسال فقط یک پیاز غنچه تولید کرده برای همین کود دهی رو بیشتر می کنم تا ببینم ایا در سال اینده گیاه ها می تونن دوباره گل بدن یا نه .در مورد تهیه کردنش متاسفانه به علت کمیاب بودنش بصورت تجاری موجود نیست البته برخی افراد بومی و غیر بومی در مناطق زیست این گیاه ، پیازها رو بر میدارند و می فروشند البه با قیمت های بالا و باز متاسفانه برخی هم با سر مردم کلاه می گذارند و لیلیوم های دیگر را به جای این گونه می فروشند !بنده در حال کشت بافت این گونه هستم ولی همانطوری که گفتم به علت حساس بودن این گونه تولیدش خیلی سخته و تلفات گیاهان منتقل شده به خاک خیلی بیشتر از لیلیوم های دیگست و سرعت رشد هم خیلی پایین است .
    موفق باشید
    مدیر وب سایت

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